Early Childhood (2.5 — 6 years)

Freud

Phallic Stage

- Oedipal conflict; gender identity; penis envy

Erikson

Initiative versus Guilt

- play versus demands for self-control

Watson

"Treat them as though they were young adults...."

Piaget

Preoperational Intelligence

- mental actions, based in perception

Vygotsky

Age of Play

- with other children

Egan

Mythic Understanding

- oral language