Main Points: Theoretical Frameworks

Different psychologists employ different theoretical frameworks to view development and explain it.

The 4 frameworks differ in their assumptions about:

The role of nature and nurture in development.

Why people differ from each other.

Whether the process of development is continuous or discontinuous.

The "cultural context" framework is the newest and most exciting:

Development involves qualitative transformations in the way a person interacts with the world - stages.

Both children and adults actively shape a child’s development.

Culture provides "designs for living" that guide development.