-What are the basic units of sound?
categorical perception: pa & ba, v Japan
"phonemes." /p/ /b/ /r/ /l/ ~40
distinctive features: voicing, plosion, place
-how to recognize these?
-combine them? *
semantics (study of meaning)
-What are the basic units of meaning?
smaller than the word: "morphemes"
"cat/s" "cat" "-s" prefices, suffices (plural, tense, inflections)
100,000 in Eng -> 500,000 words
-Where are word boundaries? "Why are you weary?"
-How do words refer to things? "gabagi!" *
-How do words relate? semantic categories
-How to speak correctly?
Sequences of words, in Grammatical categories: noun, verb, adjective
Chomsky: Syntactic Structures (1957)
Rules to produce grammatical sentences
Infinite in number, unlimited length.
"creativity," "generativity" (GG)
Deep structure v surface structure: "John is easy/eager to please."
Active, passive, interrogative
-How to string words together?
use in context
-How to do things with words?
"Does anyone know the time?"
-What are the basic units of communication?
"Speech acts": order, promise, apologize, request (1000 in English) - performatives
-How to be polite?
Indirect speech acts: "Is your daddy there?"
E.g. politeness "I got to go, bye"