|Role of nature||Endogenousfactors
play the primary role.
Determine the direction of development; constitution; drives.
|Role of nurture||Exogenousfactors
play a secondary role.
The occasion and intensity of experience ...
|Cause of development||Maturation: a sequence of genetically determined changes.|
|Continuous?||Discontinuous: Stages are parallel to (and caused by) changes in biological structure. Recapitulation of racial evolution.|
|Individual differences||The result of different experiences and opportunities. (Not of genetic differences.)|
Hall (1844 - 1924)
Arnold Gesell (1880-1961)
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Noam Chomsky (1939-)
endogenous = growing from inside (endon = within)
exogenous = growing from outside (exo = without)