Introduction to Biostatistics
Does alcoholism affect muscular strength?
Fifty alcoholic men were selected from a larger study of alcoholic patients
so that their ages and drinking patterns would be fairly similar.
For each individual,
the lifetime dose of alcohol was determined
as the explanatory variable.
These measurements ranged from 4 to 40 kg alcohol per kg body weight.
Also, an electronic myometer was used to measure the strength of the deltoid
muscle in each individual's nondominant arm.
Muscular strength ranged from 10 to 30 kg.
A plot of the data exhibits a weak linear relationship
with no apparent nonlinearity or outliers.
The output of a regression analysis is tabled below.
Coefficients: Value Std. Error t value p-value
(Intercept) : 26.370 1.203 21.92 0.0000
dose : -0.29587 0.05105 -5.80 0.0000
(a) Give a 95% confidence interval for beta1,
the slope in the "true" regression model
(strength in kg) = beta0 + beta1 (dose in kg alcohol per kg body weight)
(b) A female alcoholic who weighs considerably less than the men in the study
has consumed a lifetime dose of 9 kg alcohol per kg body weight.
Use the regression equation to predict the strength in her nondominant
(c) Do you think that this is a valid prediction? Explain.
Last modified: May 2, 2001